On-going updates 2017 – English Like It Is

This is a new post beginning 24 January 2017. If you have been directed here recently by a link from another site, you might find the item you’re looking for on the “2014 Updates” page.

The 2017 revision of the 2009 second edition of English Like It Is is available on Amazon as a Kindle ebook.

This blog gathers citations that will be considered for the next version of the book. It is about errors mainly in print but also on serious internet sites and even the odd street sign. Mistakes made by professional writers and editors will be copied by readers, and unchallenged persistent errors weaken the language.

“Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble.” George Orwell

“I’ve found that people who make fewer mistakes on a grammar test also make fewer mistakes when they are doing something completely unrelated to writing.” [a chief executive writing in the Harvard Business Review] (ITim 28/3/15 News Review p. 5)

SurveyMonkey poll released Sunday, 84% of respondents said they would be less likely to trust the government if its communications contained spelling or grammatical mistakes. Additionally, 74% of respondents said they would be less likely to trust that a politician is doing a good job leading the country if their social media posts contain such errors. (SFGate 19/5/17 online)

“Whom are you?” he asked, for he had attended business college. (from “The Steel Box” in the Chicago Record, 16 March 1898)

Soft targets like tabloids, local papers and hobby magazines are not the focus of this book, but The Irish Mail on Sunday is an exception. Not only are its serious articles at least as well written as those in the “quality” sheets, the UK edition outsells all others except The Sun on Sunday, so it is fair game.

American and Australian publications are generally not included; their grasp of the language is not nearly as secure as their British and Irish counterparts.

Circulation figures for January 2017. UK: Mail on Sunday, 1,257,984; Sunday Times, 792,324; Sunday Telegraph, 359,400; Observer, 185,752; Independent on Sunday (print edition now defunct; last circulation figure 101,284). Ireland: Irish Times (the only quality Irish paper) 76,194 print, 4853 digital (July 2017); Irish Mail on Sunday, 78,151 (Jan-June 2016).

A guide to abbreviations is at the end of the citations.

Readers’ comments are welcome. Nit-pickers are especially encouraged.

The Return may be as boring to watch as it is engaging; yet the show’s tempo is also its most unique aspect. (Lancet online 16/6/17)
“Unique” is an extreme adjective, like “gorgeous”, and cannot be modified by an adverb such as “very” or “more/most”. However, while it might be argued that one woman can be described as more gorgeous than another – for example, if the speaker has unwisely complimented another woman in front of his wife – “unique” is unique in that it absolutely positively can be used to describe only one thing: “the one and only”.

the revelations have lended credence to the findings (Guardian online 21/9/17)
Lent. A three-year-old just beginning to come to terms with irregular verbs could be forgiven for this lapse, but not a professional journalist.

They also found that partial sleep deprivation (sleep for three to four hours followed by forced wakefulness for 20-21 hours) was equally as effective as total sleep deprivation (being deprived of sleep for 36 hours). (The Irish News online 21/9/17)
“Was equally effective as” or “was as effective as”. “Equally as” is never correct. Fowler (MEU, FMEU) called it “an illiterate tautology”.

soul survivor … a town were dancing is banned (IMoS 31/8/17 TV Week p. 31)
Sole. Where. Standards for the TV section aren’t high, but still …

When you listen to Joe Biden, though, you’ll remember that things we’re always like this … (bustle.com online 14/9/17)
Were. Add “we’re” to the confusion between “were” and “where”.

… Russian President Vladimir Putin was attempting to put his finger on the electoral scale in favour of the Republican. (BBC online 13/9/17)
Thumb. You finger or put your finger on a thing or a person to identify them, often as a culprit. A butcher puts his thumb on the scale to make the thing being weighed appear heavier.

 Mrs Clinton compares Russian influence to the equivalent of a major outside political action committee contributing to a candidate. Of course, the Democrat had plenty of those kind of organisations at her disposal … (BBC online 13/9/17)
Those kinds or that kind.

 … part of the reason why the nation didn’t know about the evidence implicating Russia in election meddling until after the election is because … (BBC online 13/9/17)
“Reason … is that.” The redundant “why” is considered incorrect by purists, but it’s barely a misdemeanour.

So it can be something of a relief when a familiar landmark hoves into sight … (BBC News online 10/9/17)
Heaves. “Hove” is past tense, and “hoves” is not a proper word. Unfortunately, it is becoming increasingly common. Please, writers, read a dictionary. It’s a vital tool of your profession.

 [Hurricane Harvey] dumped as many as 50 inches of rain in some parts of Houston … [Hurricane Irma could bring] water levels up to three metres above normal levels, rainfall of up to 25 centimetres … (AFP agency via the journal.ie online 5/9/17)
“As much as 50 inches.” It’s an amount. You wouldn’t say the storm damage could be as many as $180 million dollars. Also, use either all inches or all metres, or both each time, like the BBC: “It may cause rainfall of up to 25cm (10in) in some northern areas and raise water levels by up to 3m (9ft) above normal levels. … moving at a speed of 20km/h (13mph).”
And by the way, why is it “mph” but not “kph”?

The government said the tunnel would be at least 1.8 miles long and would follow the existing route of the A303 but a further 50 metres from the site than was proposed earlier this year. (Guardian online 11/9/17)
Either metric or imperial consistently, or both, as in the BBC example above.

By no means all the expert input is negative, though. (STim 27/8/17 Culture p. 38)
Sentence inversion shows emphasis. “By no means” is one of several phrases that can introduce an inverted sentence: verb-subject instead of subject-verb. The correct form is: “By no means is all the expert input negative, though.”

best-practise guidance (STel 2/9/17 p. 1.6)
UK spelling is “practice” for the noun, “practise” for the verb. It’s a noun here, so practice. US spelling is “practice” for both noun and verb.

“The guard would have lost his arm if not for the first aid given to him by members at the scene. … Thankfully, he is now expected to make a full recovery, but this may not have been the case if not for the medical assistance given by a colleague.” (quoted on Buzz.ie online 31/8/17)
“This might not have been the case.” “May” means we don’t know the result. “Might” shows that it was the case, but that there was a possibility that the outcome could have been negative: “The guard would have lost his arm if not …”

A wooden café serving panini also sells postcards of the lava flow that flattened the previous café which stood on the very same spot. (Guardian online 27/8/17)
The report is from Sicily. “Panino” is the Italian for one of those sandwiches; “panini” is the Italian plural. However, the word “panini” has been naturalised into English as singular and is correct in English. “Paninis” is the correct English plural. Those who disagree don’t seem to have a problem with ordering “two pizzas”. The correct Italian plural is “pizze”.

[subhead] Donald Trump’s pardon of Joe Arpaio takes him into uncharted territory … [text] Martin Redish, a professor of constitutional law at Northwestern University, suggested that this takes Trump into unchartered territory … (Guardian online 27/8/17)
Uncharted is correct.

Setanta was a mythological youth who slayed Culainn’s guard dog with his hurl and sliotar, and then offered to take his place, earning the name Cúchulainn – Culainn’s hound. (STim 27/8/17 p. 1.6)
Slew is the past of “slay” when it means “kill”. “Slayed” is the past when it means to impress an audience. Culann is the dog owner’s name, so Culann’s should be used for the English genitive. “Chulainn” is the Irish genitive, making the boy’s new name Cú Chulainn, or “Cúchulainn” in the usual modern form. Alternative versions say eight-year-old Setanta strangled the dog with one hand or swung it by the hind legs and dashed its head against a stone. The strangling variant is depicted in the Setanta Wall mosaic mural – on the far left – in Dublin:

What makes the stonewort “starry” are white clusters of tiny bulbils … (ITim 19/8/17 Weekend Review p. 6)
“What makes the stonewort “starry” is” or “what make the stonewort ‘starry’ are.” It’s the writer’s choice: “what” can be singular or plural in this structure, but not both at the same time.

The unusually large [radio telescope] dish in an isolated area of Guizhou province needs radio silence to hone in on potential signs of alien life and distant pulsars … (Gizmodo online 24/8/17)
Home in.

The cogs whirred, the shafts span … (BBC online 21/8/17)
“Why didn’t electricity immediately change manufacturing?”
Spin/spun/spun. “Span” is archaic for the past of “spin”.

[Trump’s] ignorance of American history, his flaunting of political and constitutional traditions … (Guardian online 20/8/17)

“I’m not towing the line when I say BBC3 is an incredible channel – it has evolved and found itself,” she says. (Guardian online 13/8/17)
She more likely said “toeing”.

A number of famous voices also leant their support … (Obs 13/8/17 p. 1.27)
Lent is the past of “lend”. “Leant” is the British past and past participle of “lean”.

In 2014, legislators in Tasmania, Australia, proposed a more radical variation on a tobacco prohibition called the “tobacco free generation.” If enacted, the law would prohibit the sale of tobacco products to anyone born after the year 2000—forever. … The proposal polls at roughly 75 percent support in Tasmania, but the current center-right government is not likely to move it forward. “They are disinterested in the idea, and have close ties with the tobacco industry,” Barnsley says.
“What Will It Take for the Remaining 19 Percent of Smokers to Quit?” (Tonic online 9/8/17)
Uninterested. If they have close ties with the tobacco industry, they can hardly be called disinterested, that is, lacking a vested interest.

… Noa, studious and intellectual, and Mozasu, passionate but disinterested in education. (ITim 5/8/17 Weekend Review p. 11)

The Takeover Panel censored Kraft after it broke the promise it made during the five-month takeover battle to keep open Cadbury’s Somerdale factory in Somerset. (Obs 6/8/17 p. 1.38)
Censured. The Telegraph 26/5/10: “Takeover Panel blasts Kraft over Cadbury takeover” [head]: “The Takeover Panel has publicly criticised Kraft Foods … it rebuked Kraft …”

Playing a video game is not an excuse, just as being drunk or angry does not give anyone free reign to use racist insults. (Guardian online 11/9/17)

If the third world war was reigning down around them … (ITim 4/8/17 p. 10)
Raining. Even MS spell check picked up this one. Perhaps journalism students should be required to read a concise dictionary from cover to cover.

Another former trainee said that they had decided to leave after just over a year of working for Capita and had been asked to pay about £21,000. After protesting, the trainee ended up without her last month of pay, or about £1,200.
“I think they knew I was vulnerable as I started as a graduate,” the trainee said. The trainee sought a new job after finding they were being used to “fill HR gaps” rather than being given roles suitable to her training. (Guardian online 28/7/17)
Reputable usage authorities sanctioned the use of “they/their” with singular pronouns in the 1980s, though not everyone has caught up with the dispensation. But consistency is required. In the first paragraph, “trainee … they” in the first sentence and “trainee her” in the second require the reader to look back to confirm that “they” and “her” refer to the same woman – probably. The second paragraph is confusing: the first “they” obviously refers to the employer, and the second “they” probably refers to the female employee, though possibly to herself and fellow employees. At least “her” is clear.
When the sex of the person referred to is known, the specific personal pronoun and adjective should be used.

“This is Brendan my sister Leslie’s second child!! They were the one person selected to represent their school …” [quoting actress Jennifer Lopez] (Irish Examiner online 26/7/17)
Non-binary Brendan-self seems to prefer the gender-neutral language.

… high school cigarette smoking rates are more than twice as high in West Virginia than in California. (The Lancet online 6/7/17)
“Twice as high in West Virginia as.”

… I would have liked to have known more about Tom’s sea journeys, for example … I mean it as a compliment when I say that the novel could have been twice as long and equally as engaging. (ITim 8/7/17 Weekend Review p. 11)
The Double Present Perfect – “would have liked to have known” – is often used incorrectly, but here it expresses a thought in the most efficient way. “Equally as” is never correct. “Equally” alone is sufficient.

Republicans were reluctant to condemn Donald Trump Jr over the revelation that he met a Russian lawyer whom he was told was part of a Kremlin attempt to undermine Hillary Clinton. (Guardian online 12/7/17)
Who is the subject of “was part …”

“That’s something Mr Mueller and them will have to determine,” he said. (Guardian online 12/7/17, same article as above.)
“Them” is probably short for “the rest of them”, and, while the shortcut sounds too colloquial for a person in a prominent position, a lot of slack is allowed for an error in speaking that would not be acceptable in writing.

… I was able to provide templates for my wife and I … (Obs 9/7/17 New Review p. 5)
Me is the object of the preposition “for” and must be in the objective (accusative) case. Test: say with/from/to/for followed by “I”. Doesn’t “with I” etc. sound funny? Rule: if it sounds funny, it’s probably wrong. The problem may be due to over-correction in childhood of “Me and Jim are going out.”

The South Korean destroyer Yang Manchun was seeing firing an anti-ship missile. (BBC online 6/7/17)
Seen. This is an increasing error, like “been/being”. Do the writers really not know the difference?

Summer days in Ireland have hit the late twenties … (IMoS 2/7/17 p. 4)
High or upper twenties.” “Late twenties” describes the age of people.

A DPP official requested the high fees be paid to the prosecuting team so they were also paid to the defence team, as per parity regulations. (IMoS 2/7/17 p. 1)
This correct use of the subjunctive – “requested … be paid” – in the same sentence as the indicative – “were also paid” – perfectly illustrates the difference between the two moods. Few writers nowadays seem to understand the form. Burchfield (NFMEU, 1996) notes that the subjunctive is increasingly common in British and other forms of English. In NFMEU, he explains the use comprehensively but clearly and succinctly in less than two pages.

these sort of tweets (ITim 30/6/17 p. 1)
This sort of tweet” or “these sorts of tweets” are preferred to keep the format parallel.

Gardaí [Irish police] were called to diffuse the situation, but it was several hours before normal service resumed. (Irish Examiner online 17/6/17)
Defuse, to metaphorically remove the fuse from a device to prevent an explosion. More than a hundred teenagers were drinking on a railway platform, disrupting train service. The gardaí eventually diffused – dispersed – them.

… AD60, when the town of Londinium was razed to the ground … (STim 18/6/17 p. 1.12)
Redundant. As Bill Bryson (DTW/TW) points out: “The ground is the only place to which a building can be razed.” One overly influential commentator used the doubly redundant “completely razed to the ground” to describe an area where facades of buildings were still standing, making it inaccurate as well. The root meaning of “raze” is “shave, scrape”, as in “razor”.

Davis and Johnson put May on the spot by asking if she were going to modify the uncompromising stance she had set out in January to leave the single market and the customs union. (STim 18/6/17 p. 1.11)
“If she was.” “If” does not always introduce a subjunctive. Burchfield noted (NFMEU, 1996) that the subjunctive is increasingly common in UK and US usage, so writers should study a reputable usage guide to familiarise themselves with the form.

Pages of a diary revealing a spell has been cast over some clues, and a new friendship with a group of runaways provides others. (ITim 10/6/17 Weekend Review p. 13)
A slip/asleep at the keyboard or editorial interference? Replace “over” with offer and it makes sense.

Burlington [Vermont] charges three times less than nearby Flint, Michigan … (IMoS 11/6/17 p. 93)
Nearby? The cities are 673 miles apart.

a Macedonian doctor-come-designer (Obs 11/6/16 Magazine p. 27)
The short way to describe a doctor who is also a designer is “doctor-cum-designer”. You don’t need to be a Latin scholar to know that “cum” means “with”.

If you said you were going round the Isle of Wight, most people would presume you were doing it in a boat. (Obs 11/6/16 Magazine p. 50)
They probably wouldn’t. Going round an island means travelling to various places on the island. Circumnavigating it in a boat is “going around”. Nicholas Bagnall, author of A Defence of Clichés and Newspaper Language, has commented: “I’m rather sorry that round and around have become confused … Now, if someone asks you ‘Would you like to go around the island?’ you can’t be sure whether to put on the brogues or the seaboots.”

It would also need to reign in Doha’s stable of media outlets, including the satellite news channel Al Jazeera. (Bloomberg Politics online 15/6/17)
You don’t need to be a horseman to know what “rein in” means.

That Basque request to move the painting [Guernica] has been rebuffed for technical reasons. (ITim 3/6/17 News Review p. 5)
[Crossword] Refute (5). [Answer] Rebut. (The Herald [Ireland] 9/6/17)
Rebuff, rebut, refute, rebuke, reject, deny, confute, dispute, and the newly coined refudiate are frequently confused with one another. “Rebuffed” above is correct.

The team could tell who was whom based on their microbiome … (The Atlantic online 6/6/17)
“Who was who.” The second “who” is a predicate nominative.

The Granard Motte, which over 150m above sea level, was build in 1199 by an Anglo-Norman Knight. … [quoting Gardaí (Irish police)]: “Gardaí in Granard are investigating an incident of criminal damage to a monument ‘Granard Motte’ which occurred at Church Quarter between 25/06/17 and 01/06/17.” (Irish Mirror online 6/6/17)
This is an example of why tabloids are not the focus of this blog and the book English Like It Is. “Which is over”, though elevation above sea level is meaningless for an inland location; the motte stands about 30 feet (9m) above the surrounding terrain. “Was built.” “Anglo-Norman knight. “Between 25/06/17 and 01/06/17”? Time moves at a leisurely pace in this hospitable midland town, but not backwards.

… the film becomes significantly less amusing every time he hoves into view. (IMoS 28/5/17 p. 72)

Were you to look solely at Hills’ grocery bills, you might think she were in dire financial straits; it would look like she spends all her money there, and they never give her any back. (NPR online 30/5/17) http://www.npr.org/2017/05/30/530747971/trump-is-worried-about-the-trade-deficit-with-germany-he-shouldnt-be
“You might think she was.” This is not a subjunctive.

The book is comprised of 13 linked short stories … (STel 21/5/17 p. 1.25)
Comprises” or “is composed of”. “Comprised of” is never correct.

The publication his dystopian trilogy 1Q84 (2009-10) was hailed as a “global event” by The Guardian. (STim 14/5/17 Culture p. 36)
“Publication of.”

Hope and history may struggle to scan convincingly, but, then, when have they ever? (STim 14/5/17 Culture p. 39)
 “When have they ever not?

President Donald Trump has responded with a direct “no, no” to a question about whether he asked former FBI Director James Comey to shelf an investigation into his former national security adviser … (SFGate online 19/5/17)
Shelve is the verb.

There’s nothing more annoying then a dead phone battery, expect perhaps how long it takes to fully charge it again. … could be available as yearly as next year. … The batteries have shorter life spans than those currently on the market, but the firms reckons the incredibly charging speed more than makes up for this minor set back. (http://www.shemazing.net/smartphones-that-charge-in-five-minutes-could-hit-shelves-in-2018)
Than a dead phone battery.” “Except perhaps.” “As early as.” “Firm reckons.” “Setback or set-back.” “Set back” is the verb. Amazingly, MS spell-check caught three of those five errors: “then”, “yearly”, “set back”.

At an informal gathering afterwards, the conversation turned to the not-completely-unrelated topic of Donald Trump. (Bloomberg View online)
Not completely unrelated. An adverb ending in “ly” is not followed by a hyphen, and there is no good reason for a hyphen after “not”.

One of the striking thing about these pieces is how inward looking they are. (Obs 7/5/17 New Review p. 34)
Things. “One”, not “thing”, is the subject of “is”. Also, inward-looking.

Though some have moved on, Za’atari is still home to 80,000, of which half are children … (STim 30/4/17 Magazine p. 10)
Those 80,000 are people, not an aerial-view statistic, so “of whom” is much preferred.

The most beautiful thing he’d ever seen were the wild horses in Arizona. (STim 30/4/17 Culture p. 34)
“Thing” is the singular subject of was. This is from the £30,000 Sunday Times EFG Short Story Award.

[head]: “Celebrities praise Prince Harry after grief denouncement” [subhead]: “‘Brave’ Prince Harry is praised for helping to change attitudes towards mental health by revealing he was close to a ‘complete breakdown’ after the death of mother.” (Daily Mail online 18/4/17)
“Denounce”: “publicly declare to be wrong or evil” (NODE), whence denouncement, the act of doing so. “Denouncement” makes no sense here. Why didn’t the sub-editor use “revelation” or some other suitable word?

Mazière told us that this exhibition offered the opportunity to move beyond mainstream sciart and engage with artists in more fluid ways. (The Lancet Volume 398, No. 10078, p1505-1506, 15 April 2017)
Few people not familiar with SciArt (science-art) will guess what this means.

President Trump has already warned he is prepared to go it alone if China – North Korea’s only ally – can’t reign in Kim Jong Un. (ABC News [Australia] online 14/4/17)

… where such [chemical] munitions might be located, who might be ahold of them …  [quoting “White House officials”] (Haaretz online 13/4/17)
“Get ahold” is the usual way of using this word. “Mainly used in phrases such as catch, lay, take or get ahold of, on or upon something.” (Wikipedia) A correspondent tells me she heard “be ahold of” when she was growing up in Middle Tennessee.

… threatened cuts to local services – for the unemployed and the elderly – will effect schemes that many of them rely on. (Guardian online 7/4/17)

[head] Why wouldn’t Clover the donkey cross the road? [sub-head] … because it was scared of puddles (and potholes, and manhole covers) [text] Most days, Clover is a pretty amenable sort of donkey. It does not mind … But it draws the line at crossing the road. (STel 2/4/17 p. 1.13)
By convention, human personal pronouns and adjectives are used for named animals. The manager of Clover’s home, Hackney City Farms, does this: “Our other donkey, Larry, is unfazed by anything. He’s doing several parades this year. … But Clover won’t have it. She won’t cross the road … She thinks …” With those examples of correct usage in front of them, why do the authors of this article insist on using “it”?

[Review of Beauty and the Beast] Instead, she finds herself constantly rebutting marriage proposals from love-struck, oafish musketeer Gaston (Evans). (IMoS 19/3/17 p. 72)
I haven’t seen the film, but I would think rebuffing or rejecting is needed here.

With Martin you always felt you knew where you where. (IMoS 26/3/17 p. 20)
“Where you were.”

… but many decided to stay – preferring to take the risk in their homes than live as refugees … (STel 12/3/17 p. 1.17)
Rather than live.

… the Washington state attorney general … Hawaii filed a lawsuit challenging the new ban on Wednesday; other states with Democratic attorney generals plan to sue next week. (Guardian online 11/3/17)
Attorney-general attorneys-general.

Mr Priebus asked, that if the FBI would not make a public statement, that investigators should at least talk to reporters on background to dispute the stories. (The Independent online 24/2/17)
Refute. Also, the first comma is wrong, and the second “that” is unnecessary.

The FBI director, James Comey, has not commented on the matter publicly. In private, however, it was reported that Comey has urged the justice department to refute Trump’s wiretapping claims. (Guardian online 10/3/17)
This “refute” is correct.

[A graduate of Boylan Catholic High School in Rockford, Illinois, objected to a stringent dress code imposed on students for the prom:] “Not a proud day to be an alumni.” (BBC online 9/3/17)
Even the unreliable MS spell-check caught this. How can a person finish high school without knowing that “alumni” is the plural for male graduates?

[Caption:] Harold Evans says Mark Zuckerberg should bequest half his fortune to the media … (ITim 4/3/17 Weekend Review p. 5)
Bequeath. Evans is quoted in the article: “My suggestion is that Mr Zuckerberg should make a bequest of exactly half of his fortune …” “Bequest” is a noun; “bequeath” is the verb.

The men fled then fled but the women were arrested. (STel 26/2/17 p. 1.14)
They fled twice?

Juicy clues were flooding the detective precincts, but none of them panned out. (Narratively website < http://narrative.ly/they-called-her-mrs-sherlock-holmes&gt; 11/1/17 accessed 25/1/17)
“Panned out” is frequently used incorrectly. It is correct here.

Asked about the accuracy of the president’s assessment, Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, chose to answer a question no one had asked. (New York Times online 24/1/17)
This is how politicians use ignoratio elenchi.

Ignoratio (plu: ignorationes) elenchi, “ignorance of the elenchus” (elenchus = a logical refutation), is a type of “fallacy of relevance”. It describes the rebutting of an argument not put forward: in plain English, ignorantly missing the point or – especially when used by politicians – deliberately dodging an awkward question.

… the premises was “dirty throughout” … Food business owners are urged to unsure their premises is compliant with FSAI [Food Safety Authority of Ireland] legislation. Any owners unsure of what is required of them by law can contact the FSAI advice line … (Dublin Live online 25/1/17)
“Premises” is an accidentally plural form that has a singular meaning with plural connotations. Its origin is in the Latin term praemissus – “the aforementioned” – in property deeds, whence the archaic “praemises”. “Premises” can mean a residential building but usually refers to a single business property consisting of land, a main building and its appurtenances, and it requires a plural verb, so “premises were/are”.
The first “unsure” should be ensure.

Reagan slayed the “Evil Empire” … (Lancet online Volume 389, No. 10068, p489, 4 February 2017)

an radio personality (ITim 28/1/17 Weekend Review p. 11)
This is the sort of careless mistyping error that is not featured in this book.

jinns and dybbuks (ITim 28/1/17 Weekend Review p. 11)
Jinn is the plural of “jinni”.

“What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to ban a book, for there would be no one who wanted to read one.” (Neil Postman, author of 1985 book Amusing Ourselves to Death, quoted by his son, Andrew; Guardian online 2/2/17)
This is a Cleft Sentence. “What” in this construction is usually construed as singular, but when it is followed by a plural predicate compliment (“those”) it can be plural, so “were” is correct in the first sentence. In the second sentence, the predicate compliment following “what” is a noun clause, which is considered to be singular, so “was” is correct. This writer obviously understands the rule, but many don’t.

But what sings out are passages of such fluidity and intensity that they take your breath away. (LRB 5/1/17 p. 10)
“What sings out is” or “what sing out are”.

Kate Moss sets trends rather than following them. (IMoS 22/1/17 Magazine p. 15)
Some authorities recommend that the same format be used before and after “rather than” and would prefer “follows”.

Martin was penniless and lying low after his latest misadventure. (ITim 28/1/17 Weekend Review p. 9)
He said the gang lay low in Paris for a few days after the robbery and then some of its members travelled to Antwerp … (STel 29/1/17 p. 1.15)
To lie low is to hide so enemies or authorities can’t find one. The verb is lie/lay/lain. These two examples are correct, but the term is often confused with lay/laid/laid.

The president’s use of an unsecured personal device raises concerns that his desire to use his old smartphone could be exposing him and the nation to security threats. (AFR Weekend online 27/1/17)
“Unsecure” and “insecure” are sometimes used incorrectly in this context.

Although [“A self-proclaimed astronomer from Russia, Dr. Dyomin Damir Zakharovich”] is alleging NASA knows about this doomsday asteroid, NASA has refuted his hypothesis and is sticking by its prediction that the object will pass our planet, leaving it unscathed. According to NASA, “The trajectory of 2016 WF9 is well understood, and the object is not a threat to Earth for the foreseeable future.” (Elite Daily online 26/1/17 <http://elitedaily.com/news/nasa-finds-doomsday-asteroid-astronomer-says-will-hit-earth-next-month/1767608&gt;
“Refute”, to prove with evidence, is often used incorrectly for “rebut”, which means to argue against. “Refute” is correct here, because evidence – “the trajectory of 2016 WF9 is well understood” – is supplied.

ITim – Irish Times

STim – Sunday Times

STel – Sunday Telegraph

Obs – Observer

IMoS – Irish Mail on Sunday

LRB – London Review of Books

MEU – Modern English Usage, H. W. Fowler, 1926.

FMEU – Fowler’s Modern English Usage, Sir Ernest Gowers, Oxford, 1965.

NFMEU – The New Fowler’s Modern English Usage, Robert Burchfield, Oxford, 1996. This third edition of Fowler’s Modern English Usage is a virtual rewrite.

DTW – The Penguin Dictionary of Troublesome Words, Bill Bryson, Penguin, 1984, 1987.

TW – Troublesome Words, Bill Bryson, Penguin, UK, 2002. This is the third edition of The Penguin Dictionary of Troublesome Words (DTW), 1984.